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An Ancient Armenian Lectionary (Renoux)

 

The lectionary presented here preserves an ancient tradition representing the practices of the Jerusalem Church

between 417 and 439 AD.  For a detailed introduction, see the source for this information:

Renoux, Athanase.  Patrologia Orientalis, Nos. 163, 168:  Le Codex Arménien Jérusalem 121.

 

 

1.       Record of the synaxes as they are kept in Jerusalem at the holy places of Christ, in which is indicated the

date of the month and the reading of the day, and in which is indicated the psalm appropriate to the feasts and

to the memorials.  If in this book we have repeated the same thing two times, three times, or more, let not a person

impute this action to ignorance, but much rather to our diligence so that without difficulty, following the proper

place for each synaxis, one searching may find the reading.

         The feast of the Holy Epiphany  has the place of 6 January.  And on the 5th,

they gather at the Place of the Shepherds, at the tenth hour, and perform this canon:

                  Psalm 22, antiphon:  The Lord is my shepherd  [Ps 23]

                  Alleluia, Psalm 79:  O shepherd of Israel, hear, you who lead  [Ps 80]

                  Gospel according to Luke [2.8-20]

         Then they gather in the cave in Bethlehem:

                  Reading 1, of Genesis [1.28-3.20]

                  Reading 2, of the Prophet Isaiah [7.10-17]

                  Reading 3, of Exodus  [14.24-15.21]

                  Reading 4, of the Prophet Micah  [5.2-7]

                  Reading 5, of the Proverbs  [1.2-9]

                  Reading 6, of the Prophet Isaiah  [9.5b-7]

                  Reading 7, of the Prophet Isaiah  [11.1-9]

                  Reading 8, of the Prophet Isaiah  [35.3-8]

                  Reading 9, of the Prophet Isaiah  [40.10-17]

                  Reading 10, of the Prophet Isaiah  [42.1-8a]

                  Reading 11, of the Prophet Daniel  [3.1-23, Song of the Three Youths 1-12a]

                           Lord you have made the dew fall, a dew of mercy,

                           and quenched the flame of burning fire,

                           for it is you alone who are recognized as Savior.

                  [Song of the Three Youths 12b-28]

                           You have had pity on our fathers.

                           You have visited us.

                           You have saved us.

                  [Song of the Three Youths 29-68] 

[The response to every line:  Praise Him and exalt Him throughout the ages!]

1bis.    And after they have read the hymn, this canon is performed:

         Psalm 2, antiphon:  The Lord said to me, You are my son; today I have begotten you.

         Reading of the Letter of the Apostle Paul to Titus  [2.11-15]

         Alleluia, Psalm 109 [110]

         Gospel According to Saint Matthew  [2.1-12]

2.       At dawn they gather at the Holy Martyrium in the City, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 2, antiphon:  The Lord said to me, You are my son; today I have begotten you.

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to Titus  [2.11-15]

         Alleluia, Psalm 109 [110]

         Gospel according to Saint Matthew  [1.18-25]

3.       The second day, they gather at the Martyrium of Saint Stephen, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 5, antiphon:  Lord, as with a shield, of you favour 

[Here, LXX has ‘you have crowned us,’ whereas MT has ‘you have covered us.’]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles  [6.8-8.2]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to Titus  [2.11-15]

         Alleluia, Psalm 20 [21]

         Gospel according to John [12.24-26]

4.       The third day, they assemble at the Holy Martyrium in the City, on Sunday, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 2, antiphon:     The Lord said to me, You are my son; today I have begotten you.

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Hebrews [1.1-12]

         Alleluia, Psalm 109 [110]

         Gospel according to Matthew [2.13-23]

5.       The fourth day, they assemble at Holy Sion, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 109, antiphon:  In the splendour of the saints, before the morning star, I have begotten you  [110]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Galatians [4.1-7]

         Alleluia, Psalm 131 [132]

         Gospel according to Luke [1.26-38]

6.       The fifth day, they gather at the Holy Mount of Olives, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 98, antiphon:  Exalt the Lord our God, adore Him on His holy mountain  [99]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Hebrews [12.18-27]

         Alleluia, Psalm 14:  Lord, who shall sojourn in Your tent?

         Gospel according to Luke [1.39-56]

7.       The sixth day, they assemble at the Lazarium, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 29, antiphon:  Lord, You have brought forth my sould from hell,

You have saved me from those who go down into the pit  [30]

         Reading from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Thessalonians  [4.13-5.11]

         Alleluia, Psalm 39 [40]

         Gospel according to John [11.1-46]

8.       The seventh day, they gather at Holy Golgotha, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 95, antiphon:  Announce, from day to day, His salvation  [96]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Romans  [1.1-7]

         Alleluia, Psalm 71 [72]

         Gospel according to Luke [2.1-7]

9.       The eighth day, they gather at Holy Anastasis, on the day of the Circumcision of our

Savior Jesus Christ, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 97, antiphon:  The Lord has shown His salvation, before the nations He has revealed His justice [98]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Colossians [2.8-15]

         Alleluia, Psalm 84 [85]

         Gospel according to Luke [2.21]

The canon of synaxes of the Holy Epiphany is finished.

10.     For all the commemorations of the of the holy martyrs, this canon is performed:

         11 January.  Commemoration of Peter and of Absalom.

         Psalm 115, antiphon:  Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His saints  [116.10-19]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Romans [8.28-39]

         And then the acts of their martyrdom.

         Alleluia, Psalm 114 [116.1-9]

         Gospel According to Matthew [10.16-22]

11.     17 January.  Commemoration of Saint Anthony, Hermit. 

They assemble at Holy Anastasis, and this canon is executed:

         Psalm 115, antiphon:  Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His saints  [116.10-19]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Hebrews [11.32-40]

         Alleluia, Psalm 114 [116.1-9]

         Gospel according to Matthew [10.37-42]

12.     19 January.  Commemoration of the Great King Theodosius. 

They assemble at Holy Anastasis, and this canon is executed:

         Psalm 131, antiphon:  Lord, remember David and all his humility [132]

         Reading from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to Timothy [2.1-7]

         Alleluia, Psalm 20 [21]

         Gospel according to Luke [7.1-10]

13.     14 February.  Fortieth day of the Nativity of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

They assemble in the Holy Martyrium in the City, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 97, antiphon:  All the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God [98]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Galatians [3.24-29]

         Alleluia, Psalm 95 [96]

         Gospel according to Luke [2.22-40]

14.     9 March.  Commemoration of the Forty Saints. 

They gather at the Holy Martyrium of Saint Stephen, and the same canon is performed,

and the acts of their martyrdom.

15.     18 March.  Commemoration of Cyril, Bishop of Jerusalem, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 115, antiphon:  Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His saints [116.10-19]

         Reading from the Second Letter of the Apostle Paul to Timothy [4.1-8]

         Alleluia, Psalm 114 [116.1-9]

         Gospel according to Luke [10.11-16]

16.     29 March.  Commemoration of John, Bishop of Jerusalem. 

The same canon is performer as for the commemoration of Cyril.

17.     Instruction for those who are written in the book for the Holy Fast, and who are

preparing to receive baptism.

         Reading 1, from the Prophet Isaiah [1.16-20]

         Reading 2, from the Prophet Ezekiel [18.20b-23]

         Reading 3, from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Romans [6.3-14]

         Reading 4, from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Colossians [2.8-3.4]

         Reading 5, from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Hebrews [11.1-31]

         Reading 6, from the Prophet Isaiah [45.16b-25 LXX]

         Reading 7, from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Ephesians [3.14-4.13]

         Reading 8, from the Prophet Jeremiah [39.19b-44 LXX; 32.19b-44 NRSV]

         Reading 9, from Job [38.2-40.5]

         Reading 10, from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians [8.5-9.23]

         Reading 11, from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Hebrews [1.1-2.1]

         Reading 12, from the Prophet Isaiah [7.10-8.10]

         Reading 13, from the Prophet Isaiah [53.1-54.5]

         Reading 14, from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians [15.1-28]

         Reading 15, from the Prophet Daniel [7.2-27]

         Reading 16, from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians [12.1-7]

         Reading 17, from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians [12.8-27]

         Reading 18, from the Prophet Ezekiel [37.1-14]

         Reading 19, from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to Timothy [3.14-16]

         The canon of instruction for those who are preparing to be baptized is finished:  19 readings.

18.     Readings which are done during Holy Lent.

         The first week of the Fast, on Wednesday, at the tenth hour,

they gather at Holy Sion, and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Exodus, the beginning [1.1-2.10]

         Reading 2, from the Prophet Joel [1.14-20]

         Psalm 50, antiphon:  Have pity on me, God, according to your great mercy;

according to the abundance of your compassion erase my iniquities [51]

19.     The first week of the Fast, on Friday, at the tenth hour,

they gather at Holy Sion and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Deuteronomy [6.4-10]

         Reading 2, from Job [6.2-7.13]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Isaiah [40.1-8]

         Psalm 40, antiphon:  I said, Lord have mercy on me, heal my soul; I have sinned against you [41]

20.     The second week of the Fast, on Monday, at the tenth hour,

they gather at Holy Anastasis, and this canon is executed:

         Reading 1, from the First Book of Kings, beginning [1Sam 1.1-23a]

         Reading 2, from the Proverbs, beginning [1.2-33]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Jeremiah, beginning [1.1-10]

         Psalm 129, antiphon:  Let Your ears be attentive to the voice of my prayer [130]

21.     On Tuesday, they gather at Holy Anastasis, at the tenth hour, and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from the First Book of Kings, continuing [1Sam 1.23b-2.26]

         Reading 2, from Proverbs [2.1-3.10]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Jeremiah [1.11-2.3]

         Psalm 26, antiphon:  Lord, hear my voice, for I cry to You; have mercy on me and hear me [27]

22.     On Wednesday, at the tenth hour, they gather at Holy Sion, and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Exodus [2.11-22]

         Reading 2, from the Prophet Joel, continuing [2.1-11]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Micah [4.1-7]

         Psalm 56, antiphon:  Have mercy on me, God, have mercy on me; for in You has my soul trusted [57]

23.     On Thursday, at the tenth hour, they gather at Holy Anastasis, and this canon is executed:

         Reading 1, from the First Book of Kings, continuing [1Sam 3.2-4.18]

         Reading 2, from Proverbs, continuing [3.11-4.14]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Jeremiah [2.31-3.16]

         Psalm 38, antiphon:  Hear my prayer, Lord; give ear to my supplications [39]

24.     On Friday, they gather at Holy Sion, at the tenth hour, and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Deuteronomy [7.11-8.1]

         Reading 2, from Job [9.2-10.2a]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Isaiah [40.9-17]

         Psalm 64, antiphon:  Hear us, God Our Savior, Hope of all the ends of the earth [65]

25.     The third week of Lent, on Wednesday, at the tenth hour,

they gather at Holy Sion and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Exodus [2.23-3.15]

         Reading 2, from the Prophet Joel [2.21-32]

         Psalm 70, antiphon:  In You, Lord, have I hoped; let me never be put to shame [71.1]

26.     On Friday, at the tenth hour, they gather at Holy Sion, and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Deuteronomy [8.11-9.10]

         Reading 2, from Job [12.2-13.6]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Isaiah [42.1-8a]

         Psalm 74, antiphon:  We praise You, God, we praise You and call upon Your holy name [75]

27.     The fourth week of Lent, on Wednesday at the tenth hour,

they gather at Holy Sion, and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Exodus, continuing [3.16-22]

         Reading 2, from the Prophet Joel [3.1-8]

         Psalm 76, antiphon:  With my voice I cried to the Lord; with my voice I cried to God,

and He set His eyes upon me [77]

28.     On Friday, at the tenth hour, they gather at Holy Sion, and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Deuteronomy [9.11-24]

         Reading 2, from Job [16.2-17.16]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Isaiah [43.22-44.8]

         Psalm 82, antiphon:  Let them know that Your name is the Lord, and that

You alone are the Most High over all the earth [83]

29.     The fifth week of Lent.  On Wednesday at the tenth hour,

they gather at Holy Sion and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Exodus, continuing [4.1-21a]

         Reading 2, from the Prophet Joel [3.9-21]

         Psalm 83, antiphon:  Blessed are those who dwell in the House of the Lord,

to the ages of the ages they praise you [84]

30.     On Friday, at the tenth hour, they gather at Holy Sion, and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Deuteronomy [10.1-15]

         Reading 2, from Job [19.2-29]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Isaiah [45.1-13]

         Psalm 84, antiphon:  Show us, Lord, Your mercy, and grant us Your salvation [85]

31.     The sixth week of Lent.  On Wednesday at the tenth hour,

they gather at Holy Sion, and this canon is performed:

         Reading from Exodus [4.21-5.3]

         Reading 2, from the Prophet Zechariah [9.9-16a]

         Psalm 85, antiphon:  Patient, Full of Mercy, and True, turn to me and have pity [86]

32.     On Friday at the tenth hour, they gather at Holy Sion, and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Deuteronomy [11.10-25]

         Reading 2, from Job [21.2-34]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Isaiah [46.3-47.4]

         Psalm 87, antiphon:  Let my prayer come before You, Lord;

incline Your ear to my supplication [88]

33.     The sixth day before the Passover of the Law, on Saturday, at the tenth hour,

they assemble at the Lazarium, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 29, antiphon:  Lord, You have brought up my soul from hell,

and You have saved me from those who go down into the pit [30]

         Reading from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Thessalonians [4.13-18]

         Alleluia, Psalm 39 [40]

         Gosepel according to John [11.55-12.11]

34.     On Sunday, the Day of Palms,

they assemble at the Holy Martyrium in the City, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 97, antiphon:  Let the mountains exult before the Lord,

for the Lord is coming and He arrives to judge [98]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Ephesians [1.3-10]

         Alleluia, Psalm 96 [97]

         Gospel according to Matthew [20.29-21.17]

34bis.  The same day, at the ninth hour, they ascend the Mount of Olives with the branches of palm trees,

and there they sing songs and pray until about the eleventh hour. 

Then they descend together to Holy Anastasis while singing Psalm 117;

the antiphon is:  Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!  Blessed is He who comes!

35.     On the Monday of the Fast of Passover,

they gather at the Holy Martyrium in the City at the tenth hour, and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Genesis, the beginning [1.1-3.24]

         Reading 2, from Proverbs, the beginning [1.2-9]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Isaiah [40.1-8]

         Psalm 64, antiphon:  Hear us, God our Savior, Hope of all the ends of the earth [65]

36.     On Tuesday, they gather on the Mount of Olives at the tenth hour, and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Genesis [6.9-9.17]

         Reading 2, from Proverbs [9.1-11]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Isaiah [40.9-17]

         Psalm 24, antiphon:  To You, Lord, have I lifted my soul;

in You, God, I have placed my hope that I will never be confounded [25]

37.     On Wednesday, at the tenth hour,

they gather at the Holy Martyrium in the City, and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Genesis [18.1-19.30]

         Reading 2, from Proverbs [1.10-19]

         Reading 3, from the Prophet Zechariah [11.11-14]

         Psalm 40, antiphon:  I said, Lord, have mercy on me: 

heal my soul, for I have sinned against You [41]

37bis.  And after the psalm, they immediately descend to Holy Anastasis and

read the Gospel according to Matthew [26.3-16]

38.     On the Thursday of the Old Passover, concerning which Jesus said to His disciples,

“I ardently desire to eat this Passover with you.” 

And they gather at the beginning of the seventh hour, at the Holy Martyrium in the City,

and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from Genesis [22.1-18]

         Reading 2, from the Prophet Isaiah [61.1-6]

         Reading 3, from the Acts of the Apostles [1.15-26]

         Psalm 54, antiphon:  His words are smoother than oil, and they are like darts [55]

         After the psalm, they sit for the homily, and the catechumens are dismissed.

39.     And after the dismissal of the catechumens, they gather again, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 22, antiphon:  You have prepared a table before me, in the sight of my oppressors [23]

         Reading from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians [11.23-32]

         Gospel according to Matthew [26.17-20]

         Then the sacrifice is offered in the Holy Martyrium and before the Holy Cross.

39bis.  And they immediately go to Holy Sion, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 22, antiphon:  You have prepared a table before me, in the sight of my oppressors [23]

         The same reading from the Apostle to the Corinthians [1Cor 11.23-32]

         Gospel according to Mark [14.1-26]

39ter.  And they immediately ascend the Mount of Olives, and they do the evening office. 

And to it they also join the vigil.  And gobala of psalms, three by three. 

And the prayer is done with bended knee.

         For the first gobala, psalms 2, 3, and 4; antiphon: 

The princes of the peoples have gathered together against the Lord and against his Christ [2.2b]

         For the second gobala, psalms 40, 41, and 42; antiphon: 

They have set an unjust word against me:  Lord, Lord, do not abandon me! 

[40.9 + 37.22 LXX; 41.7 + 38.21 NRSV]

         For the third gobala, psalms 58, 59, and 60; antiphon: 

God, deliver me from my enemies, and save me from my persecutors [58.2 LXX; 59.1 NRSV]

         For the fourth gobala, psalms 78, 79, and 80; antiphon: 

They are expelled from Your hand; we are Your people, and the sheep of Your pasturage

[87.6b + 78.13 LXX; 88.5c + 79.13a NRSV]

         For the fifth gobala, psalms 108, 109, and 110; antiphon: 

They have spoken against me with a lying tongue, and have surrounded me with words of hate 

[108.2b-3a LXX; 109.2b-3a NRSV]

         And after the fifteen psalms, and the five gobala, and the five prayers, in the same evening,

but at mignight, they read the Gospel according to John [13.16-18.1]

40.     At the same hour of the night, on the Mountain, at the Summit, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 108, antiphon:  Instead of loving me, they betrayed me,

and I continued to pray [108.4 LXX; 109.4 NRSV]

         Gospel according to Luke [22.1-65]

40bis.  At the same hour of the night, they gather at the Place of the Disciples,

and they read the Gospel according to Mark [14.27-42]

40ter.  At the same hour of the night, they immediately descend the Holy Mount of Olives to Gethsemane,

and they read the Gospel according to Matthew [26.31-56]

41.     Following this, they go, singing psalms, to the Courtyard of the House of the High Priest Caiaphas,

at the Place of the Repentance of Peter.  And they read the Gospel according to Matthew [26.57-75]

42.     At the same hour of the night, they go, singing Psalm 118, antiphon: 

Give glory to the Lord, for He is good, and his mercy is forever [118.1 LXX; 119.1 NRSV]

         And beginning at the gate, they say a gobala (Psalms 78, 79, and 80; antiphon: 

They are expelled from Your hand; we are Your people, and the sheep of your pasturage

[87.6b + 78.13 LXX[),

until they arrive before Holy Golgotha,

and there they read this from the Gospel according to John [18.2-27]

42bis.  At dawn, this canon is performed:

         Psalm 108, antiphon:  Instead of loving me, they betrayed me,

and I continued to pray [108.4 LXX; 109.4 NRSV]

         And after this they read the Gospel according to John [18.28-19.16a]

43.     On the morning of Friday, the precious wood of the Cross is place before Holy Golgotha. 

And those who are assembled adore it, offering adoration until the sixth hour.

         And at the sixth hour, they gather at Holy Golgotha, and

         they say eight Psalms,

         eight readings from the Prophets,

         eight from the Apostle,

         and for each Psalm, two readings, and one prayer only:

         1.       Psalm 34, antiphon:  Unjust witnesses stood, asking things I do not know [34.11 LXX]

                  Reading 1, from the Prophet Zechariah [11.11-14]

                  Reading 2, from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Galatians [6.14-18]

                  Prayer with psalmody

                  Pray to the Lord.

         2.       Psalm 37, antiphon:  I am ready for torments,

and my sorrows are always before me [37.18 LXX; 38.17 NRSV]

                  Reading 3, from the Prophet Isaiah [3.9b-15]

                  Reading 4, from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Philippians [2.5-11]

                  Prayer with.

         3.       Psalm 40, antiphon:  In his heart, he gathered iniquity to himself [40.6 LXX; 41.6bc NRSV]

                  Reading 5, from the Prophet Isaiah [50.4-9a]

                  Reading 6, from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Romans [5.6-11]

                  Prayer with.

         4.       Psalm 21, antiphon:  They parted my garments among them, and cast lots for my robe.

                  Reading 7, from the Prophet Amos [8.9-12]

                  Reading 8, from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians [1.18-31]

                  Prayer with.

         5.       Psalm 30, antiphon:  Into Your hands I commit my spirit [30.6 LXX; 31.5a NRSV]

                  Reading 9, from the Prophet Isaiah [52.13-53.12]

                  Reading 10, from the Letter fo the Apostle Paul to the Hebrews [2.11-18]

                  Gospel according to Matthew [27.1-56]

                  Prayer with.

         6.       Psalm 68, antiphon:  They gave me gall for food, and in my thirst gave me vinegar to drink

                           [68.22 LXX; 69.21 NRSV]

                  Reading 11, from the Prophet Isaiah [63.1-6]

                  Reading 12, from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Hebrews [9.11-28]

                  Gospel according to Mark [15.1-41]

                  Prayer with.

         7.       Psalm 87, antiphon:  I became like a man without help, and free among the dead

                           [87.5b-6a LXX; 88.4b-5a NRSV]

                  Reading 13, from the Prophet Jeremiah [11.18-20]

                  Reading 14, from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Hebrews [10.19-31]

                  Gospel according to Luke [22.66-23.49]

                  Prayer with.

         8.       Psalm 101, antiphon:  Lord, hear my prayer; let my cry come to You [101.2 LXX; 102.1 NRSV]

                  Reading 15, from the Prophet Zechariah [14.5c-11]

                  Reading 16, from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to Timothy [6.13-16]

                  Gospel according to John [19.16b-37]

                  Prayer with bended knee.

43bis.  After the reading of the Gospel, they immediately enter the Holy Martyrium, at the tenth hour,

and this canon is performed:

         Reading 1, from the Prophet Jeremiah [11.18-12.8]

         Reading 2, from the Prophet Isaiah [53.1-12]

         Psalm 21, antiphon:  They have parted my clothes, and for my robe they cast lots

[21.19 LXX; 22.18 NRSV]

         After the Psalm, they immediately descend to Holy Anastasis,

and they read the Gospel according to Matthew [27.57-61]

44.     On Saturday morning, they say in Holy Anastasis:

         Psalm 87, antiphon:  They laid me in the deepest pit, in the darkness,

and in the shadows [87.7 LXX; 88.6 NRSV]

         Gospel according to Matthew [27.62-66]

44bis.  On Saturday evening, in the Holy Passover, they bishop sings songs in Holy Anastasis:

         Psalm 112, antiphon:  May the name of the Lord be blessed, now and forever [112.2 LXX; 113.2 NRSV]

         And in the same hour, they ascend to the Holy Martyrium, and the bishop lights a lamp. 

And the clergy immediately begins the vigil of the Holy Passover, and they do twelve readings. 

And for each reading, the prayer is done with bended knee.

         Psalm 117, antiphon:  This is the day that the Lord has made.  Exult and rejoice in it!  [117.24 LXX; 118.24]

         Reading 1, from Genesis, the beginning [1.1-3.24]

         Prayer with kneeling.

         Reading 2, from Genesis [22.1-18]

         Prayer with kneeling:  pray to the Lord.

         Reading from Exodus [12.1-24]

         Prayer with genuflexion.

         Reading 4, of the Prophet Jonah, from the beginning to the end [1.1-4.11]

         Prayer with genuflexion.

         Reading from Exodus [14.24-15.21], antiphon:  Let us sing to the Lord, for He is covered in glory! [15.21b]

         Prayer with genuflexion.

         Reading 6, from the Prophet Isaiah [60.1-13]

         Prayer with genuflexion.

         Reading 7, from Job [38.2-28]

         Prayer with genuflexion.

         Reading 8, from the Fourth Book of Kings [2Ki 2.1-22]

         Prayer with genuflexion.

         Reading 9, from the Prophet Jeremiah [31.31-34]

         Prayer with genuflexion.

         Reading 10, from Joshua son of Nun [1.1-9]

         Prayer with genuflexion.

         Reading 11, from the Prophet Ezekiel [37.1-14]

         Prayer with genuflexion:  the Lord.

         Reading 12, from the Prophet Daniel [3.1-23 + Song of the Three Youths 1-12a]

                  Lord You have made fall the dew, a dew of mercy, and extinguished the burning flame of fire,

for it is only You who we recognize as Savior!

         [Song of the Three Youths 12b-28]

                  You have had mercy on our fathers.

                  You have visited us.

                  You have saved us.

         [Song of the Three Youths 29-68]

44ter.  And while they sing the hymn, at midnight, a great number of the newly baptized enter with the bishop. 

And this canon is performed:

         Psalm 64, antiphon:  To You, God, belongs the praise in Sion, and to You is presented prayer in Jerusalem!

                  [64.2 LXX; 65.2 NRSV]

         Reading from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians [15.1-11]

         Alleluia, Psalm 29 [30]

         Gospel according to Matthew [28.1-20]

         And at the same hour, the sacrifice is offered.  And after the dismissal, at the same hour of the night,

it is offered at Holy Anastasis, in front of Holy Golgotha.  And immediately they read at Holy Anastasis:

         Gospel according to John [19.38-20.18]

45.     In the morning, for the assembly of the Holy Sunday of Pascha, they gather in the same Holy Martyrium,

and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 64, antiphon:  To You, God, belongs the praise in Sion, and to You is presented prayer in Jerusalem!

                  [64.2 LXX; 65.2 NRSV]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [1.1-14]

         Alleluia, Psalm 147 [147.12-20 NRSV]

         Gospel according to Mark [15.42-16.8]

45bis.  On the same Sunday of the Holy Pascha, at the ninth hour, they ascend the Holy Mount of Olives,

and having psalm-singing there for a little while, they descend singing psalms to Holy Anastasis,

and from there in the evening they go to Holy Sion.  And this canon is performed:

         Psalm 149, antiphon:  Sing to the Lord a new song, praise for Him in the assembly of the saints! [149.1]

         Gospel according to John [20.19-25]

46.     On Monday, they gather in the same Holy Martyrium, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 64, antiphon:  To You, God, belongs the praise in Sion, and ... [64.2 LXX; 65.2 NRSV]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [2.22-41]

         Alleluia, Psalm 147 [147.12-20 NRSV]

         Gospel acccording to Luke [23.50-24.12]

47.     On Tuesday, they gather at the Holy Martyrium of the Protomartyr Stephen, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 5, antiphon:  Lord, as with a shield, you have crowned us with your favor [5.13b LXX]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [2.42-3.21]

         Alleluia, Psalm 20 [21]

         Gospel according to Luke [24.13-35]

48.     On Wednesday, they gather at Holy Sion, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 147, antiphon:  Jerusalem, praise the Lord and bless your God!  [147.1 LXX; 147.12 NRSV]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [3.22-4.12]

         From the Catholic Epistle of the Apostle James, the beginning [1.1-12]

         Alleluia, Psalm 64 [65]

         Gospel according to Luke

49.     On Thursday, they gather on the Holy Mount of Olives, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 98, antiphon:  Exalt the Lord our God, adore Him on the mountain [98.9 LXX; 99.9 NRSV]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles, continuing [4.13-31]

         Reading from the Catholic Epistle of the Apostle James [1.13-27]

         Alleluia, Psalm 14 [15]

         Gospel according to Matthew [5.1-12]

50.     On Friday, they gather before Holy Golgotha, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 97, antiphon:  All the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God!  [97.3b LXX; 98.3b NRSV]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles, continuing [4.32-5.11]

         Reading from the Catholic Epistle of the Apostle James [2.1-13]

         Alleluia, Psalm 92 [93]

         Gospel according to John [21.1-14]

51.     On Saturday, they gather at Holy Anastasis, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 66, antiphon:  Our God, have mercy on us and bless us [66.2 LXX; 67.1a NRSV]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [5.12-33]

         Reading from the Catholic Epistle of the Apostle James [2.14-26]

         Alleluia, Psalm 80 [81]:  Joyfully exult in God!  He is our Help, cry out!  [80.1 LXX; 81.1 NRSV]

         Gospel according to John [21.15-25]

52.     On Sunday, they gather at the Holy Martyrium and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 64, antiphon:  To You, God, belongs the prais in Sion [64.2 LXX; 65.1 NRSV]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [5.34-6.7]

         Reading from the Catholic Epistle of the Apostle James [3.1-13]

         Alleluia, Psalm 147 [147.12-20 NRSV]

         Gospel according to John [1.1-17]

52bis.  The same Sunday, on the Mount of Olives, at the tenth hour,

and after having psalm-singing for a brief while, they descend, singing songs, to Holy Anastasis. 

And from there they go to Holy Sion, in the evening.  And this canon is performed:

         Psalm 149, antiphon:  Sing to the Lord a new song, praise for Him in the assembly [149.1]

         Gospel according to John [20.26-31]

52ter.  Mystagogical Readings for the Holy Pascha, at Holy Anastasis, after the synaxis at the Martyrium.

         On the second day of the same week.

         Reading from the First Catholic Epistle of Peter [5.8-14]

         And next he initiates at the mysteries on the sixth day of the same week:

         Reading from the First Catholic Epistle of John [2.20-27]

         And next he initiates at the mysteries on the seventh day of the same week:

         Reading from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians [11.23-32]

         And next he initiates at the mysteries on Sunday, at the close of Pascha.  He reads in Holy Anastasis:

         From the First Catholic Epistle of Peter [2.1-10]

53.     1 May.  Commemoration of the Prophet Jeremiah in Anathoth, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 39, antiphon:  He has brought me up out of the pit of misery, out of the mud and the filth

                  [39.3 LXX; 30.2a NRSV]

         From the Prophet Jeremiah [1.1-10]

         Again, from the Prophet Jeremiah [38.1-13]

         From the Second Catholic Epistle of Peter [2.9-22]

         Alleluia, Psalm 29 [30]

         Gospel according to Matthew [2.16-18]

54.     7 May.  They gather before Holy Golgotha, the day of the appearance of the Holy Cross in the sky. 

And this canon is performed:

         Psalm 96, antiphon:  The heavens proclaim His justice; all the peoples have seen His glory! 

[96.6 LXX; 97.6 NRSV]

         From the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Galatians [6.14-18]

         Letter of Cyril, Bishop of Jerusalem, to the Emperor Constantius, on the subject of the appearance

of the sign of the Holy Cross in the sky.

         Alleluia, Psalm 95 [96]

         Gospel according to Matthew [24.30-35]

55.     9 May.  In holy Bethlehem, of the infants killed by King Herod.  And this canon is performed:

         Psalm 8, antiphon:  Out of the mouths of infants, of babes at the breast, You have affirmed praise

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [12.1-24]

         Reading from the Letter to the Hebrews from the Apostle Paul [2.14-18]

         Alleluia, Psalm 102 [103]

         Gospel according to Matthew [2.16-18]

56.     22 May.  Commemoration of the Emperor Constantine.  They gather at the Holy Martyrium in the City,

and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 131, antiphon:  Remember, Lord, David and all his humility.

         Reading from the First letter of the Apostle Paul to Timothy [2.1-7]

         Alleluia, Psalm 20 [21]

         Gospel according to Luke [7.1-10]

57.     For the synaxis of the Holy Ascension of Christ, on the fortieth day of Pascha, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 46, antiphon:   God is gone up in the midst of praise, and our Lord with the sound of the trumpet!

                  [46.6 LXX; 47.5 NRSV]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [1.1-14]

         Alleluia, Psalm 23 [24]

         Gospel according to Luke [24.41-53]

58.     The day of Holy Pentecost, on Sunday, they gather at the Holy Martyrium, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 142 [antiphon]: May your good Spirit guide me through a smooth land [142.10b LXX; 143.10b NRSV]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [2.1-21]

         Alleluia, Psalm 93 [94]

         Gospel according to John [14.15-24]

         And immediately after the dismissal of the Martyrium, at the third hour, they go to Holy Sion,

and this canon is performed:

         The same psalms exactly, and the same reading of the Acts of the Apostles.

         Gospel according to John [14.25-29]

58bis.  The same day of Sunday, at the tenth hour, they gather on the Holy Mount of Olives, at the Summit,

and this canon is performed:

         Psalm and Acts are the same.

         Gospel according to John [16.5-14]

         And then, after the Gospel, they do a kneeling.

         And this canon is performed three times.

         And in all the holy places it is the same.

58ter.  And in the evening, they go to Holy Sion, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 142, antiphon:  Let your good Spirit guide me [142.10b LXX; 143.10b NRSV]

         Gospel according to John [14.15-24]

59.     10 June.  Deposition of the Prophet Zechariah, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 25, antiphon:  Lord, I have loved the beauty of Your House,

and the place of the habitation of Your glory! [25.8 LXX; 26.8 NRSV]

         Reading from the Prophet Zechariah [3.7-4.9]

         Reading from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians [12.26-13.10]

         Alleluia, Psalm 114 [116.1-9 NRSV]

         Gospel according to Matthew [23.34-24.1a]

60.     14 June.  Of the Prophet Elishah.

         Psalm 115, antiphon:  Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His saints

                  [115.6 LXX; 116.15 NRSV, 116.10-19]

         Reading from the Fourth Book of Kings [2Ki 13.14-21]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Hebrews [11.32-40]

         Alleluia, Psalm 114 [116.1-9]

         Gospel according to Luke [4.25-41]

61.     2 July.  Of the Ark of the Covenant, at Kiriathiarim.

         Psalm 131, antiphon:  Rise up, Lord, from Your rest, You and the ark of Your holiness!

         Reading from the First Book of Kings [1Sam 6.19-7.2a]

         Reading from the Second Book of Kings [2Sam 6.12b-19]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Hebrews [9.1-10]

         Alleluia, Psalm 97 [98]

         Gospel according to Matthew [5.17-20]

62.     6 July.  Deposition of the Prophet Isaiah, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 115, antiphon:  Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His saints

                  [115.6 LXX; 116.15 NRSV, 116.10-19]

         Reading from the Prophet Isaiah [6.1-10]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Ephesians [4.7-16]

         Alleluia, Psalm 114 [116.1-9]

         Gospel according to Luke [4.14-22a]

63.     1 August.  Of the Maccabees, and this canon is performed:

                  Psalm 115, antiphon:  Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His saints

                  [115.6 LXX; 116.15 NRSV, 116.10-19]

         From the Book of the Maccabees [2Macc 6.18-7.42]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Hebrews [11.32-12.13]

         Alleluia, Psalm 114 [116.1-9]

         Gospel according to Matthew [5.17-20]

64.     15 August.  Of Mary the Theotokos, at the second mile from Bethlehem, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 131, antiphon:  Rise up, Lord, from Your rest, You and the ark of Your holiness!

                  [131.8 LXX; 132.8 NRSV]

         Reading from the Prophet Isaiah [7.10-16a]

         Reading from the Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Galatians [3.29-4.7]

         Alleluia, Psalm 109 [110.1-7]

         Gospel according to Luke [2.1-7]

65.     23 August.  Of the Apostle Thomas and of other saints, at Bethpage.

         Psalm 18, antiphon:  Their voice is gone out into all the earth, and their words to the ends of the world!

                  [18.5 LXX; 19.4 NRSV]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [1.12-14]

         Reading from the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians [12.26-13.10]

         Alleluia, Psalm 26 [27]

         Gospel according to John [20.24-31]

66.     29 August.  It is for John the Baptizer.

         Psalm 115, antiphon:  Precious in the sight of  the Lord is the death of His saints

                  [115.6 LXX; 116.15 NRSV, 116.10-19]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [13.16-42]

         Alleluia, Psalm 114 [116.1-9]

         Gospel according to Matthew [14.1-12]

67.     13 September.  Dedication of the Holy Places of Jerusalem.  The first day is for Holy Anastasis.

         Psalm 64, antiphon:  To you, God, belongs the praise in Sion,

and to you is presented prayer in Jerusalem! [64.2 LXX; 65.1 NRSV]

         From the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to Timothy [3.14-16]

         Alleluia, Psalm 147 [147.12-20]

         Gospel according to John [10.22-42]

68.     On the second day, they gather in the Holy Martyrium, and the same canon is performed. 

And on the same day, they display the Venerable Cross to all the assembly.

69.     15 November.  Of the Apostle Phillip.

         Psalm 18, antiphon:  Their voice goes out into all the earth, their words to the ends of the world

                  [18.5 LXX; 19.4 NRSV]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [8.26-40]

         Alleluia, Psalm 46 [47]

         Gospel according to John [1.43-51]

70.     30 November.  Of the Apostle Andrew.

         Psalm 18, antiphon:  Their voice goes out into all the earth, their words to the ends of the world

                  [18.5 LXX; 19.4 NRSV]

         From the First Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians [12.26-14.4]

         Alleluia, Psalm 94 [95]

         Gospel according to John [1.35-44]

71.     25 December.  Of James and of David.  They gather at Holy Sion. 

During this day, in other cities, they celebrate the Nativity of Christ.

         Psalm 131, antiphon:  Remember, Lord, David and all his humility [131.1 LXX; 132.1 NRSV]

         Reading from the Second Book of Kings [2Sam 5.1-10]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [15.1-29]

         Alleluia, Psalm 109 [110.1-7]

         Gospel according to Matthew [22.41-46]

72.     27 December.  Of Saint Stephen, and this canon is performed:

         Psalm 5, antiphon:  Lord, as with a shield You have crowned us with your favor [5.13 LXX]

         Reading from the Acts of the Apostles [6.8-8.2]

         Alleluia, Psalm 20 [21]

         Gospel according to John [12.24-26]

73.     28 December.  Commemoration of Paul and of Peter, Apostles.

         Psalm 18, antiphon:  Their voice goes out into all the earth, their words to the ends of the world

                  [18.5 LXX; 19.4 NRSV]

         From the Second Catholic Epistle of the Apostle Peter [1.12-19]

         From the Second Letter of the Apostle Paul to Timothy [4.1-8]

         Alleluia, Psalm 46 [47]

         Gospel according to John [21.15-19]

74.     29 December.  Of the Apostle James and of John the Evangelist.

         Psalm 95, antiphon:  Proclaim salvation from day to day [95.2b LXX; 96.2b NRSV]

         Reading from the Catholic Epistle of James [1.1-12]

         From the Catholic Epistle of the Apostle John [1Jn 1.1-9]

         Alleluia, Psalm 84 [85]

         Gospel according to John [21.20-25]