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Chronological Order of Quranic Surahs

This page presents a series of tables presenting the traditional Islamic chronological order of the surahs.

The source I used presented the information in three slightly contradictory tables, as those had been taken
from various sources as well.  I reconstructed the information below from the information apparently taken
from the unnamed work of Abu al-Qasim `Umar ibn Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Kafi.  Interestingly, Noldeke 
(in his Geschichte des Qorans) utilized the same as the basis for his own chronological order of the surahs.

The only differences in order between the traditional order and the order given by Noldeke are the following: 
a.) surah 110 is last in the traditional order, but Noldeke places it between 59 and 24; 
b.) the order of 64, 61, 62 in the traditional order becomes in Noldeke 62, 64, 61

Source: History of the Quran by Allamah Abu Abd Allah al-Zanjani 
(from Al-Tawheed vol. 4, no. 3; vol. 5, nos. 1, 2, and 3). 
A series of 4 pdf files obtained from www.playandlearn.org.

Any comments, suggestions, or questions are welcome here.

Chronological Order of the Meccan Surahs:
The following table presents the Meccan Surahs in chronological order.  Please note that somewhat
unorthodox transliteration is due to font limitations for web pages.  I think it will still make sense.
The columns for the first two tables are: Surah number in the Quran, transliteration of Quranic title,
translation of title, and a column of notes describing any exception to that chronological placement, etc.

96

al-`Alaq

The Clot

 

68

al-Qalam

The Pen

except 17-33, 48-50, from Medinah

73

al-Muzammil

The Mantled One

except for 73.10-11, 20, from Medinah

74

al-Muddaththir

The Clothed One

 

1

al-Fātiĥah

The Opening

 

111

al-Lahab

The Flame

 

81

at-Takwīr

The Cessation

 

87

al-A`lā

The Most High

 

92

al-Layl

The Night

 

89

al-Fajr

The Dawn

 

93

aď-Ďuĥā

The Early Hours

 

94

al-Inshirāĥ

The Expansion

 

103

al-`Aşr

Time

 

100

al-`Ādiyāt

The Assaulters

 

108

al-Kauthar

Abundance

 

102

at-Takāthur

Worldly Gain

 

107

al-Mā`ūn

The Daily Necessaries

only 1-3; rest from Medinah

109

al-Kāfirūn

The Unbelievers

 

105

al-Fīl

The Elephant

 

113

al-Falaq

The Daybreak

 

114

an-Nās

The Men

 

112

al-Ikhlāş

The Unity

 

53

an-Najm

The Star

except 32, from Medinah

80

`Abasa

He Frowned

 

97

al-qadr

The Majesty

 

91

ash-Shams

The Sun

 

85

al-Burūj

The Constellations

 

95

at-Tin

The Fig

 

106

al-Quraysh

The Quraish

 

101

al-Qāri`ah

The Terrible Calamity

 

75

al-Qiyāmah

The Resurrection

 

104

al-Humazah

The Slanderer

 

77

al-Mursalāt

The Emissaries

except 48, from Medinah

50

Qāf

Qaf

except 38, from Medinah

90

al-Balad

The City

 

86

aţ-Ţāriq

The Night-Comer

 

54

al-Qamar

The Moon

except 44, 45, 46, from Medinah

38

Şād

Sad

 

7

al-A`rāf

The Elevated Places

except 163-170, from Medinah

72

al-Jinn

The Jinn

 

36

Yā Sīn

Ya Sin

except 45, from Medinah

25

al-Furqān

The Criterion

except 68, 69, 70, from Medinah

35

al-Fāţir

The Creator

 

19

Maryam

Mary

except 58, 71, from Medinah

20

Ţā Hā

Ta Ha

except 130, 131, from Medinah

56

al-Wāqi`ah

That Which is Coming

except 81, 82, from Medinah

26

ash-Shu`arā'

The Poets

except 197 and 224-end, from Medinah

27

an-Naml

The Ant

 

28

al-Qaşaş

The Narrative

except 52-55 from Medinah and 85 from Juhfah at the time of the Hijrah

17

Banī Isrā'īl
  (or al-Isrā')

The Israelites
  (or The Night Journey)

except 26, 32, 33, 57, 73-80, from Medinah

10

Yūnus

Jonah

except 40, 94, 95, 96, from Medinah

11

Hūd

Hud

except 12, 17, 114, from Medinah

12

Yūsuf

Joseph

except 1, 2, 3, 7, from Medinah

15

al-Ĥijr

The Rock

except 87, from Medinah

6

al-An`ām

The Cattle

except 20, 23, 91, 93, 114, 151, 152, 153, from Medinah

37

aş-Şāffāt

The Rangers

 

31

Luqmān

Lukman

except 27-29, from Medinah

34

Saba'

Sheba

 

39

az-Zumar

The Companies

 

40

al-Mu'min

The Forgiving One

except 56, 57, from Medinah

41

Ĥā Mim Sajdah

Revelations Well Expounded

 

42

ash-Shūrā

The Counsel

except 23, 24, 25, 27, from Medinah

43

az-Zukhruf

The Embellishment

except 54, from Medinah

44

ad-Dukhān

The Evident Smoke

 

45

al-Jāthiyah

The Kneeling

except 14, from Medinah

46

al-Aĥqāf

The Sandhills

except 10, 15, 35, from Medinah

51

adh-Dhāriyāt

The Scatterers

 

88

al-Ghāshiyah

The Overwhelming Calamity

 

18

al-Kahf

The Cave

except 28, 83-101, from Medinah

16

an-Naĥl

The Bee

except last three verses 126-128, from Medinah

71

Nūĥ

Noah

 

14

Ibrāhīm

Abraham

except 28, 29, from Medinah

21

al-Anbiyā'

The Prophets

 

23

al-Mu'minūn

The Believers

 

32

as-Sajdah

The Adoration

except 16-20, from Medinah

52

aţ-Ţūr

The Mountain

 

67

al-Mulk

The Kingdom

 

69

al-Ĥāqqah

The Inevitable

 

70

al-Ma`ārij

The Ladders

 

78

an-Naba'

The Tidings

 

79

an-Nāzi`āt

Those Who Pull Out

 

82

al-Infiţār

The Cleaving Asunder

 

84

al-Inshiqāq

The Rending

 

30

ar-Rūm

The Romans

except 17, from Medinah

29

al-`Ankabūt

The Spider

except 1-11, from Medinah

83

at-Taţfīf

The Defrauders

last from Mecca

 

Chronological Order of the Surahs from Medinah:

2

al-Baqarah

The Cow

except 281 from Mina at the time of the Last Hajj

8

al-Anfāl

The Spoils Of War

except 30-36 from Mecca

3

āl-Imrān

The Family Of Imran

 

33

al-Aĥzāb

The Allies

 

60

al-Mumtaĥanah

She Who is Tested

 

4

an-Nisā'

Women

 

99

al-Zilzāl

The Shaking

 

57

al-Ĥadid

The Iron

 

47

Muĥammad

Muhammad

except 13, from during the Hijrah

13

ar-Ra`d

The Thunder

 

55

ar-Raĥmān

The Merciful

 

76

ad-Dahr

The Man

 

65

aţ-Ţalāq

The Divorce

 

98

al-Bayyinah

The Proof

 

59

al-Ĥashr

The Exile

 

24

an-Nūr

The Light

 

22

al-Ĥajj

The Pilgrimage

except 52-55, from between Mecca and Medinah

63

al-Munāfiqūn

The Hypocrites

 

58

al-Mujādilah

She Who Pleaded

 

49

al-Ĥujurāt

The Chambers

 

66

at-Taĥrīm

The Prohibition

 

64

at-Taghābun

The Cheating

 

61

aş-Şaff

The Ranks

 

62

al-Jumu`ah

The Day of Congregation

 

48

al-Fatĥ

The Victory

while returning from Hudaybiyyah

5

al-Mā'idah

The Food

except 3, from Arafat on Last Hajj

9

at-Taubah

Repentance

except last two verses from Mecca

110

an-Naşr

The Help

last one, from Mina on Last Hajj

 

Quranic Order of the Surahs
(Note the additional first column which includes both the city and number of order for each surah, following the order
in which they are given in the above tables. The other colomns are the same.)

Mecca_05

1

al-Fātiĥah

The Opening

 

Medinah_01

2

al-Baqarah

The Cow

except 281 from Mina at the time of the Last Hajj

Medinah_03

3

āl-Imrān

The Family Of Imran

 

Medinah_06

4

an-Nisā'

Women

 

Medinah_26

5

al-Mā'idah

The Food

except 3, from Arafat on Last Hajj

Mecca_55

6

al-An`ām

The Cattle

except 20, 23, 91, 93, 114, 151, 152, 153, from Medinah

Mecca_39

7

al-A`rāf

The Elevated Places

except 163-170, from Medinah

Medinah_02

8

al-Anfāl

The Spoils Of War

except 30-36 from Mecca

Medinah_27

9

at-Taubah

Repentance

except last two verses from Mecca

Mecca_51

10

Yūnus

Jonah

except 40, 94, 95, 96, from Medinah

Mecca_52

11

Hūd

Hud

except 12, 17, 114, from Medinah

Mecca_53

12

Yūsuf

Joseph

except 1, 2, 3, 7, from Medinah

Medinah_10

13

ar-Ra`d

The Thunder

 

Mecca_72

14

Ibrāhīm

Abraham

except 28, 29, from Medinah

Mecca_54

15

al-Ĥijr

The Rock

except 87, from Medinah

Mecca_70

16

an-Naĥl

The Bee

except last three verses 127-129, from Medinah

Mecca_50

17

Banī Isrā'īl
  (or al-Isrā')

The Israelites
  (or The Night Journey)

except 26, 32, 33, 57, 73-80, from Medinah

Mecca_69

18

al-Kahf

The Cave

except 28, 83-101, from Medinah

Mecca_44

19

Maryam

Mary

except 58, 71, from Medinah

Mecca_45

20

Ţā Hā

Ta Ha

except 130, 131, from Medinah

Mecca_73

21

al-Anbiyā'

The Prophets

 

Medinah_17

22

al-Ĥajj

The Pilgrimage

except 52-55, from between Mecca and Medinah

Mecca_74

23

al-Mu'minūn

The Believers

 

Medinah_16

24

an-Nūr

The Light

 

Mecca_42

25

al-Furqān

The Criterion

except 68, 69, 70, from Medinah

Mecca_47

26

ash-Shu`arā'

The Poets

except 197 and 224-end, from Medinah

Mecca_48

27

an-Naml

The Ant

 

Mecca_49

28

al-Qaşaş

The Narrative

except 52-55 from Medinah and 85 from Juhfah at the time of the Hijrah

Mecca_85

29

al-`Ankabūt

The Spider

except 1-11, from Medinah

Mecca_84

30

ar-Rūm

The Romans

except 17, from Medinah

Mecca_57

31

Luqmān

Lukman

except 27-29, from Medinah

Mecca_75

32

as-Sajdah

The Adoration

except 16-20, from Medinah

Medinah_04

33

al-Aĥzāb

The Allies

 

Mecca_58

34

Saba'

Sheba

 

Mecca_43

35

al-Fāţir

The Creator

 

Mecca_41

36

Yā Sīn

Ya Sin

except 45, from Medinah

Mecca_56

37

aş-Şāffāt

The Rangers

 

Mecca_38

38

Şād

Sad

 

Mecca_59

39

az-Zumar

The Companies

 

Mecca_60

40

al-Mu'min

The Forgiving One

except 56, 57, from Medinah

Mecca_61

41

Ĥā Mim Sajdah

Revelations Well Expounded

 

Mecca_62

42

ash-Shūrā

The Counsel

except 23, 24, 25, 27, from Medinah

Mecca_63

43

az-Zukhruf

The Embellishment

except 54, from Medinah

Mecca_64

44

ad-Dukhān

The Evident Smoke

 

Mecca_65

45

al-Jāthiyah

The Kneeling

except 14, from Medinah

Mecca_66

46

al-Aĥqāf

The Sandhills

except 10, 15, 35, from Medinah

Medinah_09

47

Muĥammad

Muhammad

except 13, from during the Hijrah

Medinah_25

48

al-Fatĥ

The Victory

while returning from Hudaybiyyah

Medinah_20

49

al-Ĥujurāt

The Chambers

 

Mecca_34

50

Qāf

Qaf

except 38, from Medinah

Mecca_67

51

adh-Dhāriyāt

The Scatterers

 

Mecca_76

52

aţ-Ţūr

The Mountain

 

Mecca_23

53

an-Najm

The Star

except 32, from Medinah

Mecca_37

54

al-Qamar

The Moon

except 44, 45, 46, from Medinah

Medinah_11

55

ar-Raĥmān

The Merciful

 

Mecca_46

56

al-Wāqi`ah

That Which is Coming

except 81, 82, from Medinah

Medinah_08

57

al-Ĥadid

The Iron

 

Medinah_19

58

al-Mujādilah

She Who Pleaded

 

Medinah_15

59

al-Ĥashr

The Exile

 

Medinah_05

60

al-Mumtaĥanah

She Who is Tested

 

Medinah_23

61

aş-Şaff

The Ranks

 

Medinah_24

62

al-Jumu`ah

The Day of Congregation

 

Medinah_18

63

al-Munāfiqūn

The Hypocrites

 

Medinah_22

64

at-Taghābun

The Cheating

 

Medinah_13

65

aţ-Ţalāq

The Divorce

 

Medinah_21

66

at-Taĥrīm

The Prohibition

 

Mecca_77

67

al-Mulk

The Kingdom

 

Mecca_02

68

al-Qalam

The Pen

except 17-33, 48-50, from Medinah

Mecca_78

69

al-Ĥāqqah

The Inevitable

 

Mecca_79

70

al-Ma`ārij

The Ladders

 

Mecca_71

71

Nūĥ

Noah

 

Mecca_40

72

al-Jinn

The Jinn

 

Mecca_03

73

al-Muzammil

The Mantled One

except for 73.10-11, 20, from Medinah

Mecca_04

74

al-Muddaththir

The Clothed One

 

Mecca_31

75

al-Qiyāmah

The Resurrection

 

Medinah_12

76

ad-Dahr

The Man

 

Mecca_33

77

al-Mursalāt

The Emissaries

except 48, from Medinah

Mecca_80

78

an-Naba'

The Tidings

 

Mecca_81

79

an-Nāzi`āt

Those Who Pull Out

 

Mecca_24

80

`Abasa

He Frowned

 

Mecca_07

81

at-Takwīr

The Cessation

 

Mecca_82

82

al-Infiţār

The Cleaving Asunder

 

Mecca_86

83

at-Taţfīf

The Defrauders

last from Mecca

Mecca_83

84

al-Inshiqāq

The Rending

 

Mecca_27

85

al-Burūj

The Constellations

 

Mecca_36

86

aţ-Ţāriq

The Night-Comer

 

Mecca_08

87

al-A`lā

The Most High

 

Mecca_68

88

al-Ghāshiyah

The Overwhelming Calamity

 

Mecca_10

89

al-Fajr

The Dawn

 

Mecca_35

90

al-Balad

The City

 

Mecca_26

91

ash-Shams

The Sun

 

Mecca_09

92

al-Layl

The Night

 

Mecca_11

93

aď-Ďuĥā

The Early Hours

 

Mecca_12

94

al-Inshirāĥ

The Expansion

 

Mecca_28

95

at-Tin

The Fig

 

Mecca_01

96

al-`Alaq

The Clot

 

Mecca_25

97

al-qadr

The Majesty

 

Medinah_14

98

al-Bayyinah

The Proof

 

Medinah_07

99

al-Zilzāl

The Shaking

 

Mecca_14

100

al-`Ādiyāt

The Assaulters

 

Mecca_30

101

al-Qāri`ah

The Terrible Calamity

 

Mecca_16

102

at-Takāthur

Worldly Gain

 

Mecca_13

103

al-`Aşr

Time

 

Mecca_32

104

al-Humazah

The Slanderer

 

Mecca_19

105

al-Fīl

The Elephant

 

Mecca_29

106

al-Quraysh

The Quraish

 

Mecca_17

107

al-Mā`ūn

The Daily Necessaries

only 1-3; rest from Medinah

Mecca_15

108

al-Kauthar

Abundance

 

Mecca_18

109

al-Kāfirūn

The Unbelievers

 

Medinah_28

110

an-Naşr

The Help

last one, from Mina on Last Hajj

Mecca_06

111

al-Lahab

The Flame

 

Mecca_22

112

al-Ikhlāş

The Unity

 

Mecca_20

113

al-Falaq

The Daybreak

 

Mecca_21

114

an-Nās

The Men

 

 

 

2002 Kevin P. Edgecomb