Chronological Order of the Quranic Surahs

This page presents a series of tables presenting the traditional Islamic chronological order of the surahs.

The source I used presented the information in three slightly contradictory tables, as those had been taken from various sources as well. I reconstructed the information below from the information apparently taken from the unnamed work of Abu al-Qasim `Umar ibn Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Kafi. Interestingly, Noldeke (in his Geschichte des Qorans) utilized the same as the basis for his own chronological order of the surahs.

The only differences in order between the traditional order and the order given by Noldeke are the following:

a.) surah 110 is last in the traditional order, but Noldeke places it between 59 and 24;

b.) the order of 64, 61, 62 in the traditional order becomes in Noldeke 62, 64, 61

Source: History of the Quran by Allamah Abu Abd Allah al-Zanjani (from Al-Tawheed vol. 4, no. 3; vol. 5, nos. 1, 2, and 3). A series of 4 pdf files obtained from www.playandlearn.org.

Chronological Order of the Meccan Surahs: The following table presents the Meccan Surahs in chronological order. Please note that the somewhat unorthodox transliteration is due to font limitations for web pages. I think it will still make sense. The columns for the first two tables are: Surah number in the Quran, transliteration of Quranic title, translation of title, and a column of notes describing any exception to that chronological placement, etc.

96 al-`Alaq The Clot
68 al-Qalam The Pen except 17-33, 48-50, from Medinah
73 al-Muzammil The Mantled One except for 73.10-11, 20, from Medinah
74 al-Muddaththir The Clothed One
1 al-Fātiĥah The Opening
111 al-Lahab The Flame
81 at-Takwīr The Cessation
87 al-A`lā The Most High
92 al-Layl The Night
89 al-Fajr The Dawn
93 aď-Ďuĥā The Early Hours
94 al-Inshirāĥ The Expansion
103 al-`Aşr Time
100 al-`Ādiyāt The Assaulters
108 al-Kauthar Abundance
102 at-Takāthur Worldly Gain
107 al-Mā`ūn The Daily Necessaries only 1-3; rest from Medinah
109 al-Kāfirūn The Unbelievers
105 al-Fīl The Elephant
113 al-Falaq The Daybreak
114 an-Nās The Men
112 al-Ikhlāş The Unity
53 an-Najm The Star except 32, from Medinah
80 `Abasa He Frowned
97 al-qadr The Majesty
91 ash-Shams The Sun
85 al-Burūj The Constellations
95 at-Tin The Fig
106 al-Quraysh The Quraish
101 al-Qāri`ah The Terrible Calamity
75 al-Qiyāmah The Resurrection
104 al-Humazah The Slanderer
77 al-Mursalāt The Emissaries except 48, from Medinah
50 Qāf Qaf except 38, from Medinah
90 al-Balad The City
86 aţ-Ţāriq The Night-Comer
54 al-Qamar The Moon except 44, 45, 46, from Medinah
38 Şād Sad
7 al-A`rāf The Elevated Places except 163-170, from Medinah
72 al-Jinn The Jinn
36 Yā Sīn Ya Sin except 45, from Medinah
25 al-Furqān The Criterion except 68, 69, 70, from Medinah
35 al-Fāţir The Creator
19 Maryam Mary except 58, 71, from Medinah
20 Ţā Hā Ta Ha except 130, 131, from Medinah
56 al-Wāqi`ah That Which is Coming except 81, 82, from Medinah
26 ash-Shu`arā’ The Poets except 197 and 224-end, from Medinah
27 an-Naml The Ant
28 al-Qaşaş The Narrative except 52-55 from Medinah and 85 from Juhfah at the time of the Hijrah
17 Banī Isrā’īl (or al-Isrā’) The Israelites (or The Night Journey) except 26, 32, 33, 57, 73-80, from Medinah
10 Yūnus Jonah except 40, 94, 95, 96, from Medinah
11 Hūd Hud except 12, 17, 114, from Medinah
12 Yūsuf Joseph except 1, 2, 3, 7, from Medinah
15 al-Ĥijr The Rock except 87, from Medinah
6 al-An`ām The Cattle except 20, 23, 91, 93, 114, 151, 152, 153, from Medinah
37 aş-Şāffāt The Rangers
31 Luqmān Lukman except 27-29, from Medinah
34 Saba’ Sheba
39 az-Zumar The Companies
40 al-Mu’min The Forgiving One except 56, 57, from Medinah
41 Ĥā Mim Sajdah Revelations Well Expounded
42 ash-Shūrā The Counsel except 23, 24, 25, 27, from Medinah
43 az-Zukhruf The Embellishment except 54, from Medinah
44 ad-Dukhān The Evident Smoke
45 al-Jāthiyah The Kneeling except 14, from Medinah
46 al-Aĥqāf The Sandhills except 10, 15, 35, from Medinah
51 adh-Dhāriyāt The Scatterers
88 al-Ghāshiyah The Overwhelming Calamity
18 al-Kahf The Cave except 28, 83-101, from Medinah
16 an-Naĥl The Bee except last three verses 126-128, from Medinah
71 Nūĥ Noah
14 Ibrāhīm Abraham except 28, 29, from Medinah
21 al-Anbiyā’ The Prophets
23 al-Mu’minūn The Believers
32 as-Sajdah The Adoration except 16-20, from Medinah
52 aţ-Ţūr The Mountain
67 al-Mulk The Kingdom
69 al-Ĥāqqah The Inevitable
70 al-Ma`ārij The Ladders
78 an-Naba’ The Tidings
79 an-Nāzi`āt Those Who Pull Out
82 al-Infiţār The Cleaving Asunder
84 al-Inshiqāq The Rending
30 ar-Rūm The Romans except 17, from Medinah
29 al-`Ankabūt The Spider except 1-11, from Medinah
83 at-Taţfīf The Defrauders last from Mecca

 

Chronological Order of the Surahs from Medinah:

2 al-Baqarah The Cow except 281 from Mina at the time of the Last Hajj
8 al-Anfāl The Spoils Of War except 30-36 from Mecca
3 āl-Imrān The Family Of Imran
33 al-Aĥzāb The Allies
60 al-Mumtaĥanah She Who is Tested
4 an-Nisā’ Women
99 al-Zilzāl The Shaking
57 al-Ĥadid The Iron
47 Muĥammad Muhammad except 13, from during the Hijrah
13 ar-Ra`d The Thunder
55 ar-Raĥmān The Merciful
76 ad-Dahr The Man
65 aţ-Ţalāq The Divorce
98 al-Bayyinah The Proof
59 al-Ĥashr The Exile
24 an-Nūr The Light
22 al-Ĥajj The Pilgrimage except 52-55, from between Mecca and Medinah
63 al-Munāfiqūn The Hypocrites
58 al-Mujādilah She Who Pleaded
49 al-Ĥujurāt The Chambers
66 at-Taĥrīm The Prohibition
64 at-Taghābun The Cheating
61 aş-Şaff The Ranks
62 al-Jumu`ah The Day of Congregation
48 al-Fatĥ The Victory while returning from Hudaybiyyah
5 al-Mā’idah The Food except 3, from Arafat on Last Hajj
9 at-Taubah Repentance except last two verses from Mecca
110 an-Naşr The Help last one, from Mina on Last Hajj

Quranic Order of the Surahs
(Note the additional first column which includes both the city and number of order for each surah, following the order in which they are given in the above tables. The other colomns are the same.)

Mecca_05 1 al-Fātiĥah The Opening
Medinah_01 2 al-Baqarah The Cow except 281 from Mina at the time of the Last Hajj
Medinah_03 3 āl-Imrān The Family Of Imran
Medinah_06 4 an-Nisā’ Women
Medinah_26 5 al-Mā’idah The Food except 3, from Arafat on Last Hajj
Mecca_55 6 al-An`ām The Cattle except 20, 23, 91, 93, 114, 151, 152, 153, from Medinah
Mecca_39 7 al-A`rāf The Elevated Places except 163-170, from Medinah
Medinah_02 8 al-Anfāl The Spoils Of War except 30-36 from Mecca
Medinah_27 9 at-Taubah Repentance except last two verses from Mecca
Mecca_51 10 Yūnus Jonah except 40, 94, 95, 96, from Medinah
Mecca_52 11 Hūd Hud except 12, 17, 114, from Medinah
Mecca_53 12 Yūsuf Joseph except 1, 2, 3, 7, from Medinah
Medinah_10 13 ar-Ra`d The Thunder
Mecca_72 14 Ibrāhīm Abraham except 28, 29, from Medinah
Mecca_54 15 al-Ĥijr The Rock except 87, from Medinah
Mecca_70 16 an-Naĥl The Bee except last three verses 127-129, from Medinah
Mecca_50 17 Banī Isrā’īl (or al-Isrā’) The Israelites (or The Night Journey) except 26, 32, 33, 57, 73-80, from Medinah
Mecca_69 18 al-Kahf The Cave except 28, 83-101, from Medinah
Mecca_44 19 Maryam Mary except 58, 71, from Medinah
Mecca_45 20 Ţā Hā Ta Ha except 130, 131, from Medinah
Mecca_73 21 al-Anbiyā’ The Prophets
Medinah_17 22 al-Ĥajj The Pilgrimage except 52-55, from between Mecca and Medinah
Mecca_74 23 al-Mu’minūn The Believers
Medinah_16 24 an-Nūr The Light
Mecca_42 25 al-Furqān The Criterion except 68, 69, 70, from Medinah
Mecca_47 26 ash-Shu`arā’ The Poets except 197 and 224-end, from Medinah
Mecca_48 27 an-Naml The Ant
Mecca_49 28 al-Qaşaş The Narrative except 52-55 from Medinah and 85 from Juhfah at the time of the Hijrah
Mecca_85 29 al-`Ankabūt The Spider except 1-11, from Medinah
Mecca_84 30 ar-Rūm The Romans except 17, from Medinah
Mecca_57 31 Luqmān Lukman except 27-29, from Medinah
Mecca_75 32 as-Sajdah The Adoration except 16-20, from Medinah
Medinah_04 33 al-Aĥzāb The Allies
Mecca_58 34 Saba’ Sheba
Mecca_43 35 al-Fāţir The Creator
Mecca_41 36 Yā Sīn Ya Sin except 45, from Medinah
Mecca_56 37 aş-Şāffāt The Rangers
Mecca_38 38 Şād Sad
Mecca_59 39 az-Zumar The Companies
Mecca_60 40 al-Mu’min The Forgiving One except 56, 57, from Medinah
Mecca_61 41 Ĥā Mim Sajdah Revelations Well Expounded
Mecca_62 42 ash-Shūrā The Counsel except 23, 24, 25, 27, from Medinah
Mecca_63 43 az-Zukhruf The Embellishment except 54, from Medinah
Mecca_64 44 ad-Dukhān The Evident Smoke
Mecca_65 45 al-Jāthiyah The Kneeling except 14, from Medinah
Mecca_66 46 al-Aĥqāf The Sandhills except 10, 15, 35, from Medinah
Medinah_09 47 Muĥammad Muhammad except 13, from during the Hijrah
Medinah_25 48 al-Fatĥ The Victory while returning from Hudaybiyyah
Medinah_20 49 al-Ĥujurāt The Chambers
Mecca_34 50 Qāf Qaf except 38, from Medinah
Mecca_67 51 adh-Dhāriyāt The Scatterers
Mecca_76 52 aţ-Ţūr The Mountain
Mecca_23 53 an-Najm The Star except 32, from Medinah
Mecca_37 54 al-Qamar The Moon except 44, 45, 46, from Medinah
Medinah_11 55 ar-Raĥmān The Merciful
Mecca_46 56 al-Wāqi`ah That Which is Coming except 81, 82, from Medinah
Medinah_08 57 al-Ĥadid The Iron
Medinah_19 58 al-Mujādilah She Who Pleaded
Medinah_15 59 al-Ĥashr The Exile
Medinah_05 60 al-Mumtaĥanah She Who is Tested
Medinah_23 61 aş-Şaff The Ranks
Medinah_24 62 al-Jumu`ah The Day of Congregation
Medinah_18 63 al-Munāfiqūn The Hypocrites
Medinah_22 64 at-Taghābun The Cheating
Medinah_13 65 aţ-Ţalāq The Divorce
Medinah_21 66 at-Taĥrīm The Prohibition
Mecca_77 67 al-Mulk The Kingdom
Mecca_02 68 al-Qalam The Pen except 17-33, 48-50, from Medinah
Mecca_78 69 al-Ĥāqqah The Inevitable
Mecca_79 70 al-Ma`ārij The Ladders
Mecca_71 71 Nūĥ Noah
Mecca_40 72 al-Jinn The Jinn
Mecca_03 73 al-Muzammil The Mantled One except for 73.10-11, 20, from Medinah
Mecca_04 74 al-Muddaththir The Clothed One
Mecca_31 75 al-Qiyāmah The Resurrection
Medinah_12 76 ad-Dahr The Man
Mecca_33 77 al-Mursalāt The Emissaries except 48, from Medinah
Mecca_80 78 an-Naba’ The Tidings
Mecca_81 79 an-Nāzi`āt Those Who Pull Out
Mecca_24 80 `Abasa He Frowned
Mecca_07 81 at-Takwīr The Cessation
Mecca_82 82 al-Infiţār The Cleaving Asunder
Mecca_86 83 at-Taţfīf The Defrauders last from Mecca
Mecca_83 84 al-Inshiqāq The Rending
Mecca_27 85 al-Burūj The Constellations
Mecca_36 86 aţ-Ţāriq The Night-Comer
Mecca_08 87 al-A`lā The Most High
Mecca_68 88 al-Ghāshiyah The Overwhelming Calamity
Mecca_10 89 al-Fajr The Dawn
Mecca_35 90 al-Balad The City
Mecca_26 91 ash-Shams The Sun
Mecca_09 92 al-Layl The Night
Mecca_11 93 aď-Ďuĥā The Early Hours
Mecca_12 94 al-Inshirāĥ The Expansion
Mecca_28 95 at-Tin The Fig
Mecca_01 96 al-`Alaq The Clot
Mecca_25 97 al-qadr The Majesty
Medinah_14 98 al-Bayyinah The Proof
Medinah_07 99 al-Zilzāl The Shaking
Mecca_14 100 al-`Ādiyāt The Assaulters
Mecca_30 101 al-Qāri`ah The Terrible Calamity
Mecca_16 102 at-Takāthur Worldly Gain
Mecca_13 103 al-`Aşr Time
Mecca_32 104 al-Humazah The Slanderer
Mecca_19 105 al-Fīl The Elephant
Mecca_29 106 al-Quraysh The Quraish
Mecca_17 107 al-Mā`ūn The Daily Necessaries only 1-3; rest from Medinah
Mecca_15 108 al-Kauthar Abundance
Mecca_18 109 al-Kāfirūn The Unbelievers
Medinah_28 110 an-Naşr The Help last one, from Mina on Last Hajj
Mecca_06 111 al-Lahab The Flame
Mecca_22 112 al-Ikhlāş The Unity
Mecca_20 113 al-Falaq The Daybreak
Mecca_21 114 an-Nās The Men

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