On Spiritual Warfare

If a man is entangled in the things of this world, caught by their many shackles, and seduced by the evil passions, it is very hard for him to recognize that there is another invisible struggle and another inner warfare. But, after detaching himself from all visible things and worldly pleasures, and beginning to serve God, he then becomes capable of recognizing the nature of this inner struggle and unseen warfare against the passions. Yet, as we said, unless he first achieves outward detachment by aspiring to serve God totally with his whole soul, he will not recognize the secret passions of evil and his inner fetters. On the contrary, he will be in danger of thinking that he is healthy and not ailing, when in fact he is full of wounds and nourishes unseen passions. But if he has despised desire and glory, he may first become aware of these inner passions and then fight against them, calling on Christ with faith and receiving from heaven the weapons of the Spirit: the breastplate of righteousness, the helmet of salvation, the shield of faith, and the sword of the Spirit.

The devil tries to disrupt our hope in Christ and our love of Him in a thousand ways. Inwardly he brings afflictions on the soul by means of evil spirits, or he fills it with foul and immoral thoughts by stirring up its memory of former sins, so as to make it grow sluggish and to despair of ever attaining salvation. His aim is to cheat the soul into thinking that it generates these thoughts of its own accord and that they are not sown in it maliciously by an alien spirit. Or else he inflicts bodily suffering and brings on us vilification and tribulation through the agency of other people. But the more he shoots his fiery arrows at us, the more we must enkindle our hope in God, knowing with certainty that He deliberately permits souls that long for Him to suffer these things, so as to discover if they truly love Him.

St. Nikodimos of the Holy Mountain and St. Makarios of Corinth, quoting St. Makarios of Egypt, Philokalia volume 3, pp 351-2; translated and edited by G.E.H. Palmer, Philip Sherrard, and [Bishop] Kallistos Ware (Faber & Faber, 1984)

The previous post brought to mind the importance of keeping in mind and realizing, that is making actual in one’s life, spiritual warfare. The war against our own sins is directly a part of that wider battle against the bodiless powers of the evil one and his minions, as St. Makarios reminds us above. That is, this warfare is against an entire continuum with which we are intimately familiar, for our spiritual faults belong to it, as part of the spiritual problems of our sins: giving in to lust, arrogance, anger, despair, and so on, is giving in to the evil one inch by inch. And what does he want? For you to end in the most dehumanized, deintellectualized, humiliated, polluted, and putrefying way possible, as far from the purity and eternity and glory of the Spirit of Holiness as possible, as far from the image of God that he can entice you and you will follow. It starts simply, with perhaps merely the bite of a fruit, and ends with the entire world aflame!

It is SO VERY EASY being involved in Biblical Studies, with all its arcana, the technical work of textual, lexical, grammatical, and historical issues, so bookish, so secular and staid and established, to forget the living faith, the dangerously vivid faith of the prophets that produced these texts, that faith that a number of us ostensibly belong to still. There is the tutting over “supernaturalism,” against “faith-based [insert noun],” the separation of the church of one’s faith from the state of one’s studies. All of these play a part in distancing one from personal responsibility for one’s own spiritual battle, or for helping others to realize that there even is such a thing, much less helping them in their own battles. So one thus forgets or even denies that there is a cold, calculating, purely anti-human intelligence, so simple, so banal, so settled in his perfectly effective and efficient soul-destroying ways, the conductor on the train of damnation, who only ever repeats, “Ticket, please,” punches it and moves on to the next victim. “Ticket, please.” He has his routine and it works perfectly in such a world of such people, supported by those who should know better, who would deny his existence through textual studies, a help which I’m sure he appreciates.

Be aware, always. Be on guard. The enemy is everywhere. Pull out by the roots whatever hold the evil one has in you, and do everything you can to help others to do so in their lives, too. For that is what it is to be truly human, as created, in the image of God.

Know your enemy

Q: How does the Devil go about seducing men and women?

AMORTH: His strategy is monotonous. I have told him so and he admits it. He convinces people that there is no hell, that there is no sin, just one more experience to live. Lust, success and power are the three great passions on which the Devil insists.

Q: Are you ever afraid of the Devil?

AMORTH: Afraid of that beast? He’s the one who should be afraid of me because I work in the name of the Lord of the world. He is only an ape of God.

Read the full interview with Father Gabriele Amorth, and remember him and all those on the front lines of the war against the evil one in your prayers.

More on Nimrud Treasure Photos

Several months ago I posted on the extraordinary photographs of the Iraqi Museum treasures hidden in the flooded bank vault. Please see there for a link to the presentation. Photographer Noreen Feeney has commented. For those of you who have been keeping up more recently with well-illustrated introductions to Mesopotamian art, I was hoping that you could recommend a book or two for Noreen that would describe for her what were the items that she photographed. She didn’t know what they were, their ages, their importance, or any of that information which some of us take for granted, yet look at the amazing, indeed almost loving, attention that she paid the artifacts in her detailed photography, hands-down better than any photography of the items in history. So, if anyone can help out by recommending some well-illustrated books, please leave some titles for Noreen in the comments here or there at the older post. I recommended Pritchard’s ANEP, but that’s only black and white, and quite dated, though it should cover all or most of the Sumerian items and give at least a bare-bones idea of what they were. Something better than that would be more appropriate, I think.

As a note of appreciation in the very least, for her participation in documenting the rescue of all these precious items, it’s the least we can do. Thanks again, Noreen!